The 255th verse of Surah Baqarah is known as Ayatul Kursi. It is one of those verses that are memorized by almost all Muslims around the world, because of its virtues. It is profound in meaning and has many benefits, some of which include:
It is a protection against Shaytan.
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah ‘s Apostle ordered me to guard the Zakat revenue of Ramadan. Then somebody came to me and started stealing of the foodstuff. I caught him and said, “I will take you to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)!” Then Abu Huraira described the whole narration and said:) That person said (to me), “(Please don’t take me to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and I will tell you a few words by which Allah will benefit you.) When you go to your bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi, (2.255) for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Satan will not be able to come near you till dawn.” (When the Prophet (ﷺ) heard the story) he said (to me), “He (who came to you at night) told you the truth although he is a liar; and it was Satan. [Bukhari]
It is the greatest ayah in Allah’s book.
Everything has its splendor, and the splendor of the Qur’an is Surah al-Baqara. In it is a verse which is the greatest verse of the Qur’an: Ayat al-Kursi. [Tirmidhi]
The Prophet (saws) used to recite it after every salah. [Sahih Muslim]
The Quran has two aspects: its message and its miracle. The same is true for Ayatul Kursi.
The Message of Ayatul Kursi
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ ۚ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ ۚ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۖ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [2:255]
The Miracle of Ayatul Kursi
One of the miracles of Ayatul Kursi is that it is concentric. The ayah is made up of nine sentences, and each sentence is paired with the one concentrically opposite to it, with the fifth sentence being at the centre of the circle. The following table illustrates the fact:
|وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُAnd He is the Most High, the Most Great.
|اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُAllah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence.|
|Both contain two names of Allah.|
|وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَاand their preservation tires Him not.||لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌNeither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep.|
|Both deny human attributes from Allah.|
|وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَHis Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth,||لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِTo Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.|
|The first verse affirms Allah’s ownership over the heavens and the earth, the last one affirms Allah’s kingship over the heavens and the earth.|
|لَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَand they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills.||مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِWho is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
|Both verses mention something impossible by humans with an exception that depends on His will/permission.|
|يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْHe knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them.
In fact, He knows what is before this sentence and what is after it.
The miracles of the Quran can hardly be understood completely without understanding Arabic.